Your oral and maxillofacial surgeon is an expert in providing grafting procedures to restore form and function to your jaws and face. Both bone and soft tissue grafting may be used in your treatment.
Your jawbone is stimulated by your tooth roots; much like exercise stimulates your muscles. When you have missing teeth, your jawbone is no longer stimulated by the tooth roots, and it will shrink over time. When this occurs, there may not be sufficient bone required to place dental implants. Bone grafting is also used to repair supporting bone around your teeth that has been damaged by periodontal disease.
Bone grafting is a procedure to rebuild bone in the bone deficient areas of your jaw. This allows for the placement of dental implants and for repair of the supporting bone around your teeth damaged by periodontal disease.
The bone used in the bone grafting procedure is either taken from your jaw, hip, or tibia (below the knee), or obtained from a tissue bank. Special membranes may be used to protect the bone graft and promote natural healing and bone growth – this is known as guided bone regeneration.
Your oral and maxillofacial surgeon may recommend one of several types of bone grafting, including:
By regenerating bone tissue, patients who previously did not qualify for the placement of dental implants due to insufficient bone, can now become candidates for this tooth replacement procedure.
For patients affected by periodontal disease, control of this disease will be necessary prior to bone grafting in order to decrease the change of infection of your graft. Your oral and maxillofacial surgeon will work with your family dentist and other dental specialists in order to give your bone graft the greatest chance of success.
Overall, the form and function of your teeth and jaws will be enhanced by the comprehensive treatment possible using dental implants, bone and soft tissue grafting.